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The festival of the Pitanzas de Librilla, declared Well Listed for its cultural relevance, of an immaterial nature (23/10/2020)

| At the request of the Friends of the History of Librilla Association, registered with the CARM in August 2019, this celebration has been definitively classified as part of the Cultural Heritage of the Region of Murcia | The General Directorate of Cultural Assets has issued the resolution that declared the celebration of Las Pitanzas definitively protected, which has been published in the BORM this ThursdayThe Official Gazette of the Region of Murcia collects this Thursday the resolution of the General Directorate of Cultural Assets that declares the celebration of Las Pitanzas de Librilla as well cataloged for its cultural relevance, of an immaterial nature.The request to protect this celebration came from the Friends of the History of Librilla Association, which registered it with the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia on August 26, 2019, providing various information and documentation, as well as an unpublished historical investigation.As stated in the resolution:In the Inventory of the Mediterranean Diet, the Pitanzas de Librilla are described as "round rolls marked with a cross in the center, of about 175 to 200 grams that are made at dawn on August 22 in the town.

It is one of the acts, perhaps the most original, that are part of the patron saint festivities of San Bartolomé patron saint of the town.

Their origin is linked, according to legend, to the medieval period in which years of hardships and epidemics hit the population when there were droughts and famine.

The festival begins in the morning with the "parade of the collection of flour", in which local authorities, party commission, and the queens of the festivities, go through each house collecting the flour they donate from the neighbors for the pitanzas to be made.

Currently,Due to the sanitary measures imposed by the legislation, money is collected but not flour since it must be of certified origin.

During the early morning the local ovens make the breads, and during the night, thousands of people from the town gather in the Town Hall Square, under the Clock Tower, to receive a shower of thousands of breads made from the balconies of the Town Hall .

There is a belief that by keeping a meal at home throughout the year, the family will not lack food.

Currently, the breads are baked the night before.

Among the acts that participate in this ritual are: the firing of rockets and gunpowder, the celebration of a mass in honor of San Bartolomé, parades in the Procession of San Bartolomé.The Pitanzas are brought by the bakeries to the Librilla town hall and are kept freshly made until the end of the San Bartolomé procession.

Once finished, they are launched from the balconies of the town hall.

According to the information provided, in the last celebration, almost 10,000 pitanzas were thrown.According to the declaration of the General Directorate of Cultural Assets, "in the classification of the Pitanzas as intangible cultural heritage of the Region of Murcia with the category of Asset Listed for its Cultural Relevance, the inescapable role of the community is valued, the continuity of the tradition for more than 150 years, the organization of the festivities in a traditional way carried out by the protagonists themselves, the great involvement of the participating community, likewise, is celebrated in its own space and is celebrated on a specific date.

At the same time, it has its own uniqueness and authenticity in the area of ??the Region of Murcia, it has great symbolic value for the protagonist community as well as in the form of a legend it has great remembrance interest ".The Friends of the History of Librilla Association has publicly thanked all the people who have participated so that the declaration has been possible, both the author of the application and the study, as well as the people who have collaborated, bakers, researchers, technicians of Culture, and to all those who have supported this initiative in some way.

Source: Asociación Amigos de la Historia de Librilla

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